On 25 February 2020, Northwest Territories Finance Minister Caroline Wawzonek tabled the territory’s fiscal 2020–21 budget. The budget contains no new taxes and no tax increases.
The Minister anticipates an operating budget deficit of CA$70 million1 for 2019–20 and projects an operating budget surplus of $203 million for 2020–21 and declining surpluses for each of the next three years.
The following is a brief summary of the key tax measures.
Business tax measures
Corporate tax rates
No changes are proposed to the corporate tax rates or the $500,000 small-business limit.
The Northwest Territories’ 2020 corporate tax rates are summarized in Table A.
Table A – 2020 Northwest Territories (NWT) corporate tax rates
Federal and NWT combined
Small-business tax rate*
General corporate tax rate
* The small-business rate is based on a 31 December year-end.
Personal income tax rates
The budget does not include any changes to personal income tax rates.
The 2020 Northwest Territories personal tax rates are summarized in Table B.
Table B – 2020 Northwest Territories personal tax rates
First bracket rate
Second bracket rate
Third bracket rate
Fourth bracket rate
$0 to $43,957
$43,958 to $87,916
$87,917 to $142,932
For taxable income in excess of $142,932, the 2020 combined federal–Northwest Territories personal income tax rates are outlined in Table C.
Table C – Combined 2020 federal and Northwest Territories personal tax rates
$142,933 to $150,473
$150,474 to $214,368**
* The rate on capital gains is one-half the ordinary income tax rate.
** An additional federal basic personal amount may be available for individuals with taxable income below $214,368. The additional tax credit is $140 for individuals with taxable income below $150,474; this additional amount is gradually phased out for individuals with taxable income between $150,474 and $214,368, resulting in an additional 0.22% to 0.30% of federal income tax on taxable income in this bracket.
Other tax measures
Property mill rates
In keeping with the existing indexation policy, property mill rates will be adjusted for inflation, effective 1 April 2020.
Given the upcoming federally mandated carbon tax rate increase to $30 per carbon-equivalent ton of greenhouse gas emissions effective 1 July 2020, the budget proposes to increase the Northwest Territories’ cost of living offset benefit to $156 per year for an individual and to $180 per year for a child, effective 1 July 2020.
The budget proposes $10.6 million in spending for residents and businesses for the cost of living offset, heating fuel rebates, large emitters’ rebates and grants, and rebates for electricity producers to mitigate the carbon tax impact.
1. Currency references in this Alert are to CA$.
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