The Tax Hub

Daily Tax Newsletter

Worldwide Tax News

Approved Changes (1)
Responsive image

OECD Releases Discussion Draft for BEPS Project Action 8

On 29 April 2015, the OECD released a discussion draft for Action 8 (Cost contribution arrangements) of the Base Erosion and Profiting Shifting (BEPS) Project.

Action 8 requires the development of rules to prevent BEPS by moving intangibles among group members and involves updating the guidance on cost contribution arrangements. The discussion draft sets out a proposed revision to Chapter VIII of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines and is intended to align the guidance in that chapter with the other elements of Action 8 already addressed in the Guidance on Transfer Pricing Aspects of Intangibles released in September 2014.

Click the following link for the Action 8 (Cost contribution arrangements) discussion draft.

Comments should be submitted by 29 May 2015. A public consultation meeting will be held on 6-7 July 2015 at the OECD Conference Centre in Paris.

Proposed Changes (2)


Responsive image

Australia Publishes Draft Tax Consolidation Measures for Public Comment

On 28 April 2015, the Australian Treasury published an Exposure Draft for public comment on five measures amending the country's tax consolidation regime. The measures include:

  • Remove a double benefit (or double detriment) that can arise in respect of certain liabilities held by a joining entity that is acquired by a consolidated group;
  • Remove anomalies that arise when an entity joins or leaves a consolidated group where the entity has securitized an asset;
  • Prevent the tax costs of a joining entity's assets from being uplifted where no tax is payable by a foreign resident owner on the disposal of the joining entity in certain circumstances;
  • Clarify the operation of the Taxation of Financial Arrangements provisions when certain intra group assets or liabilities emerge from a consolidated group because a subsidiary member leaves the group; and
  • Remove anomalies that arise when an entity leaves a consolidated group holding an asset that corresponds to a liability owed to it by the old group because the value of the asset taken into account for tax cost setting purposes is not always appropriate

Click the following links for the Exposure Draft and the Explanatory Materials.

Comments must be submitted by 19 May 2015. Additional info on submitting comments can be found on the Australian Treasury website.


Responsive image

Italian Government Approves Draft Legislation Including Several Measures Concerning Cross Border and other Tax Issues

On 21 April 2015, the Italian government approved draft tax reform legislation, which will be sent to parliament. The legislation includes a number measures in regard to permanent establishments (PE), foreign tax credits, deduction limits, tax rulings, and others. Key measures are summarized as follows.

Italian PEs of Foreign Entities

The legislation includes an approach to the attribution of income to PEs in Italy in line with the Authorized OECD Approach. Italian PEs and foreign headquarters will be subject to Italian transfer pricing rules and the limited PE force of attraction provisions will be abolished.

Income Exemption for Foreign PEs of Italian Companies

An election will be introduced where an Italian company may have income of foreign PEs exempted instead of applying the standard foreign tax credit rules. Once made, the election is irrevocable and must be applied for the income of all qualifying PEs of the Italian company. PEs located in black-listed jurisdictions will not qualify.

Beneficial Foreign Tax Credit Rules

The beneficial foreign tax credit rules that currently apply for income derived through a foreign PE, or a foreign subsidiary included in the international tax consolidation regime will be extended to cover any foreign income. The beneficial rules include:

  • An immediate recognition of the credit in the tax return related to the year in which the foreign income is subject to tax in Italy even if the foreign tax is not yet paid, provided it will be paid by the deadline to file the tax return for the subsequent tax period; and
  • The possibility to carry back and carry forward any excess tax credit

Foreign Tax Credits for Dividends and Capital Gains from Black-Listed Companies

Italian companies subject to full taxation on dividends or capital gains related to direct or indirect participations in a non-resident black-listed company will be eligible for a foreign tax credit for taxes paid by the black-listed company.

Relaxed Deduction Restriction for Payment to Black-Listed Companies

The requirement that proof be provided on the business substance of black listed companies in order to deduct payments for the purchase of goods and services from such companies will be abolished and a safe harbor limit will be implemented equal to the fair market value of the transaction. Amounts exceeding the safe harbor will not be deductible unless proof is provided that the transaction relates to an actual business interest and that the transaction has been carried out.

Net Interest Deduction Limit Determination Change

Italian companies will be able to include dividends received from foreign controlled subsidiaries in their EBITDA when determining the net interest deduction limit (30% of EBITDA). However, the use of foreign controlled subsidiaries' EBITDA for the determination will no longer be allowed.

Advance Tax Rulings for Companies with International Operations

The scope of advanced tax rulings for international operations will be expanded to cover the determination of asset tax bases in the case of inbound and outbound migrations. The ruling is valid for 5 years.

Advance Tax Ruling for New Investments

A new type of advanced tax ruling will be introduced that covers investments of at least EUR 30 million that will have a long-term positive impact on employment. Such rulings will cover the entire investment plan.

Cooperative Compliance Program

A new cooperative compliance program will be implemented for qualifying large taxpayers. The program will provide certain benefits such as the ability to agree on tax positions with the tax authorities before filing a return and obtain quicker tax rulings. In order to take part, taxpayers must have an adequate internal audit model in place to manage and control their tax risks.

Although the program initially only be available for large taxpayers, it will later be expanded for smaller taxpayers as well.

Horizontal Consolidation

Horizontal consolidation will be allowed for Italian resident companies with a common parent resident in a qualifying EU or EEA Member State, including PEs in Italy of companies resident in qualifying Member States

CFC Rules Exemption

The filing of an advance-ruling request for an exemption from the CFC rules will no longer be required, as the conditions for exemption may instead be proven during a tax audit.

The Statute of Limitations for Criminal Offenses

The doubling of the statute of limitations for criminal offences will not be allowed if the criminal notice is sent after the standard statute of limitations has expired (4 years following the year a return is filed or 5 years if no return filed)

Subject to approval by the Italian parliament, it is expected that the measures included in the draft legislation will generally apply from 2016.

Treaty Changes (4)

Bermuda-Neth Antilles-Curacao-Sint Maarten

Responsive image

TIEA between Bermuda and the Former Netherlands Antilles has Entered into Force

According to a recent announcement by the Dutch government, the 2009 tax information exchange agreement between Bermuda and the former Netherlands Antilles entered into force on 24 March 2015, and applies from that date. Since the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved in 2010, the agreement applies between Bermuda and Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba).

Brazil-Korea, Rep of

Responsive image

Protocol to the Tax Treaty between Brazil and South Korea Signed

On 24 April 2015, officials from Brazil and South Korea signed a protocol amending the 1989 income tax treaty between the two countries. The protocol amends Article 26 (Exchange of Information), bringing it in line with the OECD standard for information exchange.

The protocol is the first to amend the treaty, and will enter into force after the ratification instruments are exchanged.


Responsive image

Tax Treaty between Italy and Romania Signed

On 25 April 2015, officials from Italy and Romania signed a new income tax treaty. Once in force and effective, the new treaty will replace the 1977 income tax treaty between the two countries, which currently applies.

Additional details will be published once available.

Jordan-Saudi Arabia

Responsive image

Tax Treaty between Jordan and Saudi Arabia Initialed

According to recent reports, officials from Jordan and Saudi Arabia concluded tax treaty negotiations with the initialing of a tax treaty during a 19 to 22 April 2015 meeting. The treaty is the first of its kind between the two countries, and must be signed and ratified before entering into force.


Powerful Tax Tools


FX Rates

Global FX Rates including Tax Year Average FX Rates and Spot Rates for all Reporting Currencies.


Corporate Tax Rates

Corporate tax rates, surtaxes, and effective tax rates for the current year, as well as historical rates and approved future rates.


Country Analysis

Detailed tax guidance for companies doing business in over 100 countries, including summaries and snapshots of key tax facts and issues.


Cross Border Tax Calculator

Calculate total tax costs and benefits of a cross border transaction including withholding tax, participation exemption and foreign tax credit rules.


Cross Border Tax Rates

Provides Domestic, treaty and EU cross border tax rates for over 5,000 country combinations for 9 different payment streams.



Complete overview of the OECD BEPS Project, including daily BEPS news, country adoption of BEPS measures, and an overview of the 15 BEPS Actions.


Tax Calendar

Customizable calendar tool that tracks corporate income tax, value added tax and transfer pricing obligations by country or entity.


Tax Forms

English translations of key tax forms for over 80 countries, including tax return forms, treaty benefit forms, withholding tax forms, and more.


Worldwide Tax Treaties

Repository including thousands of tax treaties (in English), OECD, UN and US Models, relevant EU Directives, Technical Explanations, and more.


Worldwide Tax Planner

Calculates the worldwide tax cost of what-if scenarios based on legal entity structure, taxable income, and cross border transactions.


Certified Rates Report

Customizable Certified Rates Report providing updated corporate and withholding tax rates at the end of each month for over 100 countries.


Withholding Tax Minimizer

Enables quick calculation of tax costs and benefits of cross border transactions considering all possible transaction combinations and optimal routes.


VAT Rates

Provides value added tax (VAT) rates, goods and services tax (GST) rates and other indirect tax rates for over 100 countries.


NOL Calculator

Country specific calculator to determine how net operating losses can be utilized in carryback and carryforward years.


Transfer Pricing Calculator

Calculates TP ratios under various TP methods and calculates the difference between target ratios and actual ratios.


Individual Income Tax Rates

Individual tax rates for over 100 countries.

Play of the Day

FX Rates

Global FX Rates including Tax year Average FX Rates and Spot Rates for all Reporting Currencies.

Get Started with Orbitax Today

With Orbitax, you get reliable and comprehensive solutions for international tax research, compliance and planning. Contact us today to get started with Orbitax.

We’re here to help

We’re here to answer any questions you have about the Orbitax products and services.

Send us a message

Who’s behind Orbitax?

We’re committed to providing high value, low cost tax research and management solutions.

Learn More